Juvenile hypertension

High blood pressure in the past has been seen as endemic diseases in theelderly.

 

Recently, however, found, 35-45, agree on the measurement of blood pressureis whatever attitude is the largest number of people, but also the highestnumber of hospitals newlydiscovered hypertension a crowd.

 

As mentioned earlier, we classify high blood pressure depends on age andyoung people suffering from essential hypertension is hypertension in youngand elderly suffering from essential hypertension is high blood pressure in the elderly. Although sometimes the same reasons, there are differences innature.

 

Young people suffer from high blood pressure are mostly grade 1hypertension, grade 2 hypertension (or more than 160 mm Hg systolicpressure, diastolic pressure more than 95 mm Hg) the situation is rare.

 

And if a young man found over 160 mm Hg systolic pressure, mostly secondaryhypertension, which is suffering from a disease caused by high blood pressure.

 

Hypertension in patients below the age of 30 accounted for 15%, most ofwhich are low risk of hypertension.

 

According to common sense. Low risk hypertension does not need to worry assecondary hypertension. However, such high blood pressure occurs in youngchildren. Do not generalize.

 

Because age takes place after the low risk of hypertension, such aseffective treatments, there are few cases of renal damage. However, inadolescence, many Prime will have kidney damage, hypertensiveencephalopathy, uremia and other dangerous situations. Malignanthypertension, its characteristic is the proportion of patients younger thanolder people is high.

 

Therefore, young people suffering from high blood pressure, regardless ofblood pressure is over 160 mmHg or above, or level 1 hypertension, arerequired to be careful.

 

Secondly, on the circumstances of young people suffering from secondaryhypertension explained. Youth level 1 hypertension, their blood pressure ischaracterized by diastolic high (more than 90 mm Hg or more) than thesystolic blood pressure. Secondary hypertension is the opposite, which isthe systolic blood pressure is high, diastolic blood pressure was lower thanlevel 1 hypertension. In other words, the gap between systolic bloodpressure and diastolic blood pressure values. So, is likely to lead tokidney damage or disease such as cardiac dysfunction.

 

Cause secondary hypertension is the main reason for young people, includingrenal disease, renovascular disease, pregnancy-induced hypertension andendocrine anomalies, Arteritis, and so on. Arteritis is the aorta and itsmain branches and pulmonary hypertension of chronic nonspecific inflammationcaused by which left and right arm blood pressure difference is great, orhand of high blood pressure and low blood pressure in your feet.

 

Young people suffer from high blood pressure categories, are compared withthe age after suffering from high blood pressure, found higher proportionwith secondary hypertension, it is clear the reason for this situation more,so the causes of secondary hypertension is raised according to treatment.

On the cause of high blood pressure

On the causes of high blood pressure, in addition to the above essentialhypertension and secondary hypertension, the following situation can makehigh blood pressure:

 

(1) Japanese encephalitis or bulbar polio.
(2) brain tumor.
(3) patients with hyperthyroidism.
(4) diabetes.
In addition, arteriosclerosis can also make high blood pressure, even atrisk of stroke.

 

Benign and malignant hypertension high blood pressure

 

Rapid progress in kidney disease, and heart and brain dysfunction, the high blood pressure is called malignant hypertension. Kidney disease is calledhypertensive nephrosclerosis.

 

Causes of malignant hypertension, some diseases have worsening symptoms at the outset, and malignant hypertension caused by renal diseases accounted for more than 50%, is twice times for other reasons.

 

No matter what situation is generally more common in young adults andmiddle-aged people, 80% is 30 years old. To the example of elderly patientswith malignant hypertension, very few and far between.

 

Systolic and diastolic blood pressure higher than standard blood pressure ischaracteristic of the disease, often continuing at more than 200/130 mm Hg.Other phenomena such as there will be headaches, nausea, vomiting, symptomsare many and obvious.

 

In contrast, low risk of hypertension in kidney disease, are extremely slow.However, the phenomenon will eventually have kidney atrophy, but takes along time, some decades later.

 

End of the low risk of hypertension, renal atrophy, but most stay on stageof nephrosclerosis.

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One thing I have managed to find time for is buying fabric

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Pregnancy-induced hypertension

Women during pregnancy, blood pressure rises, it can be called ahypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy, with pregnancy-inducedhypertension (PIH) is most common.

 

PIH occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy, symptoms include edema, proteinuriaand hypertension.

 

In addition to the above symptoms, sometimes pumping (this symptom is known as eclampsia), which is a more serious situation.

 

Pregnancy-induced hypertension is one of the characteristics of systemicarterial spasm. Therefore, pregnancy-induced hypertension that is blood vessel spasms. Fundus examination, one finds that spasm of retinal arterynarrowing.

 

However, the cause of pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome is still notclear. Generally thought to be pregnant, placenta due to special materialproduced by the kidney and vascular systems.

 

However, high blood pressure in pregnant women, are not caused by pregnancy-induced hypertension. Essential hypertension and chronic nephritis occurs.

 

Hypertension in pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome although there willbe, however, often less than 200/120 mm Hg.

 

Essential hypertension and high blood pressure caused by chronic nephritis,sometimes greater than 200/120 mm Hg.

 

Aortic stenosis caused by hypertension

 

Arteries such as infected by the narrow circumstances, good will have to beset back, so blood pressure will increase.

 

If it is a congenital anomaly, it cannot be treated with medication, surgerymust be done to heal.

 

Aortic stenosis caused by high blood pressure, if the disease can be lifethreatening. However, high blood pressure, and other examples of barrierfree. Treatment need according to doctor‘s instructions.

Pathogenic factors and mechanism of hypertension

The causes of hypertension complicated so far are inconclusive, currentlythought to be the genetic basis of certain normal blood pressure due toseveral acquired factors on regulation mechanism of decompensation, thefollowing factors may be related to disease:

 

(1) genetic: hypertension have a clear-cut familial, children of parents whoare high blood pressure high blood pressure high blood pressure than normalpercentage of family children 2-3, biological children and adopted childrenwhile living in hypertensive patients the same, but the former are more likely to develop high blood pressure.
(2) diet: mean population blood pressure associated with the intake of salt,insufficient intake of potassium and calcium in the diet, sodium/potassiumratio increases susceptibility to high blood pressure, and high potassiumand high calcium diets may reduce the incidence of high blood pressure.Reduce total fat intake, reducing saturated fatty acid ratio and increasethe unsaturated fatty acids can decreased the mean population blood pressure. The prevalence rate of hypertension in Chronic drinkers, andalcohol consumption is proportional to.
(3) the occupational and environment: work has long been engaged in highlyfocused, long-term mental stress, prolonged adverse environmental noise andVisual stimuli are susceptible to high blood pressure.
(4) other: smoking, obesity, high prevalence of hypertension.

 

Cardiac and peripheral vascular resistance are the two major factorsaffecting systemic arterial pressure, they are systemic and local neural andhumoral factor under the regulation in a State of flux and reflux in orderto maintain the homeostasis of blood. Fluctuation of physiological stressresponse, such as those regulating mechanism of decompensation, leading toincreased systemic arteriolar resistance or (and) blood circulationincreasing hypertension occurs. Currently the pathogenesis of essential hypertension has not been completely clarified, there are several theories:

 

(L) spirit, and neural theory: spirit source theory think in external stimulus Xia, patients appeared more long-term or repeatedly more obviously of spirit tension, and anxiety, and upset, mood changes Shi, cortex excited, inhibit balance disorders that cannot normal exercise Word section and control cortex Xia central activities of function, sympathetic activities enhanced, shuting vascular Central outgoing to shrink vascular of impulse dominant, to makes small artery contraction, around vascular resistance rose, blood pressure rose.

 

(2) kidney pigment a vascular tension pigment a aldehyde solid ketone (RAA) system balance disorders: kidney deficiency blood Shi stimulus kidney ball into ball artery Shang of ball next cell secretion kidney pigment, kidney pigment in liver, and lung, and kidney by synthesis activities Hou formed vascular tension pigment, they has strongly of contraction vascular role, and can prompted water sodium retention in body, stimulus sympathetic section increased to methyl adrenaline secretion, to makes blood pressure increased.

 

(3) genetics, said: epidemiology, animal experiments and molecular cellresearch indicated that genetic role in hypertension. Current geneticfactors it is difficult to argue that a single high blood pressure,hypertension this genetic types with a variety of genes, and the latter hasa major effect factors on formation of high blood pressure.

 

(4) excessive sodium intake: that in areas of high salt intake andpopulation, the high prevalence rate of hypertension and low salt intakearea crowds, such as Eskimos in Alaska, you hardly have high blood pressure.Sodium retention increase the extracellular fluid volume, cardiac outputincreased primary arterial wall caused by water content increased, causingincreases in peripheral resistance can be pathogenesis.

 

(5) high insulin: discovered in recent years in fasting insulin levels were higher than normal in patients with hypertension, insulin resistance andglucose tolerance decrease the incidence of high blood pressure is higherthan normal. Hyperinsulinemia may be through increased intracellular sodiumconcentrations increased vascular resistance and increased sympatheticactivity and lead to high blood pressure.

 

(6) other: studies suggest that high blood pressure may be associated withrenal Medulla prostaglandin synthesis of vasodilator effect of a or edeficiencies related, smoking, excessive drinking, excessive intake ofcarbohydrates to fat people are prone to high blood pressure. In recent years, vasopressin, the role of Endothelin and other peptides inducedhypertension also attracted people‘s attention.

Pyelonephritis and hypertension

Renal pelvis accompanied with kidney, is the body of concentrated urine. This stream of urine to ureters, bladder, urethra and into the body.

If Escherichia coli and other bacteria from the urethra into the renal pelvis, causing inflammation, and this inflammation extending to the kidneys, it is known as pyelonephritis.

If it is acute pyelonephritis, most will also be cystitis and urethritis.

First 2-3 days, physical discomfort, and will have headache, whipping pain view, increased frequency of urination will be and feel very sticky when urinating, urinary pain.

Body temperature varies throughout the day. Urine is cloudy. Found in the urine red blood cell, white blood cell count r increased protein in the urine can also serve as gradually increased. However, the view did not immediately rise in blood pressure.

In addition, if it is caused by stones in pyelonephritis, removal of stones is the most effective treatment method. Or the use of antibiotics can also serve as cured. However, if there is no cure and become chronic and can cause high blood pressure.

… Cyst and renal hypertension

Kidney cyst is called renal cyst. It very similar symptoms and chronic nephritis. However, because when you do a urine check research, sometimes no protein and red blood cells, contribute immeasurably higher, so it’s hard to get the disease. However, it will also serve as a cause of high blood pressure.

Like I said, because of kidney disease caused by high blood pressure, are collectively known as renal hypertension.

Renal hypertension is due to kidney disease(Replica Cartier Bracelets, Replica Cartier Love Rings), so also is called secondary hypertension. This causal relationship due to primary hypertension caused kidney disease, is exactly the opposite.

Owing to deterioration caused by hypertension and kidney dysfunction, such as renal Lou shrinkage, it is called primary renal atrophy. If caused by nephritis and kidney Kwai, and is called the inferior renal atrophy. In addition to essential hypertension in addition to about half of the patients with hypertension are nephritis-thus the cause of secondary hypertension. Patients with chronic nephritis, 80m have high blood pressure.

Apart from hereditary high blood pressure or not, if it is green, middle age has high blood pressure, mostly on renal hypertension. As for other diseases caused by high blood pressure does not mean no, but too few examples below describes several items for your reference: